In recent years, an increase in infertility is noted in couples both in Greece and abroad. The way we eat currently does not follow Mediterranean standards, but was replaced by a western type of nutrition resulting in a dramatic increase in obesity. Research demonstrated that one of the factors to affect fertility in perfectly healthy women and men, is poor nutrition.
Weight disorders can cause a range of reproductive problems in both underweight and obese people. Since 2009, obesity was characterised as a disease, with complications involving infertility affecting sperm and oocytes, and the possibility of endometrial implantation. Therefore, the British Fertility Society recommends IVF for women with BMI <35 (Kg/m2), which increases the chances of success.
The modern way of eating probably tiggers a number of diseases affecting fertility, such as endometriosis and autoimmune diseases. In light of the fact that nutrition is a therapeutic agent, is documented scientificaly, there is the option of a personalised diet programme based on medical, nutritional and family history.
Taking into account existing dietary guidelines and contemporary literature and based on the individual’s medical history and the particular needs of the couple, nutritional intervention may help to improve fertilisation capacity and increase the possibility of pregnancy after IVF.
Ms Efrosini Tsirou is a Physician specialising endocrinology and nutrition and an ATEI graduate of Thessaloniki Dietetics. She holds a Master’s Degree specialising in Medical Research Methodology, and is a Scientific collaborator of an Obstetrics and a Gynaecology Clinic and a PhD Candidate at Medical School in AUTH.